A California woman (who took the name "Granny Storm Crow" to protect her identity) has been gathering studies, articles, news and stories for many years and has compiled information about studies done over the last several decades about medical marijuana, cannabis, medical use and overall health benefits to human beings.  The list is called "Granny Storm Crow's MMJ Reference List" and her last PDF file appears to be from 2013 (view/download PDF; filesize 12MB.)  You can click on any link in the PDF file to go directly to the article/study/story that she has uncovered.  They do not open to new windows to you have to hit your browser's "back" button to return to the list...or just save it to your own computer and peruse at will.

She now has a website where the MMJ Reference List is broken down chronologically by research years and alphabetically by health subjects.  It is an enormous amount of information but an invaluable resource.  Visit her site (we linked directly to the 2010-2015 articles) and be sure to view Granny Storm Crow's Facebook page as she updates with interesting posts and links regularly.

When the lawmakers say "we need more study and research" they are wrong and simply kowtowing to the big corporations and lobbyists.  The research has proven what the "hippies" and much maligned natural health advocates (called quacks) have been saying for over 30 years...cannabis is an amazing miracle plant that helps heal human beings of a myriad of illnesses, promotes health and wellness from beneficial properties, and is a natural way to relieve pain and stress without all the horrible side effects that modern pharmaceuticals pose.

Here are just a few, quick facts about hemp; a cursory internet search will produce numerous in-depth articles and resources.  Hemp is a plant grown from a seed and is a distinct variety of the plant species Cannabis Sativa L. It is an annual, herbaceous, long fiber plant similar to flax (linen), jute and ramie and can get up to 15 to 20 feet tall.  It's closely related to marijuana but hemp contains very little THC (delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol, the psychoactive ingredient in marijuana.) Hemp's THC level is less than 1%, whereas marijuana may contain between 5 - 15% (see myths below.)

The entire plant is made of four parts that can be used:  seeds, flowers, leaves and the stalk.  The stalk has two parts: the fiber which is called "bast" and the woody inner core which is called by different names "hurd", "shive" and "shiv."  Hemp grows extremely fast, thrives in most climates and will even grow in depleted or polluted soil.  In addition to growing in poor soil, hemp also pulls pollutants from the soil as well as the air, requires no pesticides and does not require irrigation (hemp uses far less water than cotton.)

Use of hemp cord in pottery identified at ancient village site dating back over 10,000 years, located in the area of modern day Taiwan. Radical 200 (้บป or má), the Chinese character for hemp, depicts two plants under a shelter. Finding hemp use and cultivation in this date range puts it as one of the first and oldest known human agriculture crops.  The Columbia History of the World states that the oldest relic of human industry is a piece of Mesopotamian hemp fabric dating back to approximately 8,000 BC.

For more than a century, hemp was legal tender to pay American taxes; hemp paper and fabric were common in colonial America and many claim that Ben Franklin used hemp paper to print the documents that led to the American Revolution.  The first flag by Betsy Ross was not made of hemp but of English wool bunting and the Declaration of Independence was of parchment although the first drafts may well have been written upon hemp paper.  (My position is that truth is important because "modern cannabis myths" serve no purpose in changing the current laws regarding hemp and also give ammunition to anti-cannabis types and de-bunkers.  Revisionist history does not forward the cause...look to the future, not the past!)  In United States, the debate about the relationship between hemp and marijuana has been diminished by the dissemination of many statements that have little scientific support such as:

Myth: Smoking industrial hemp gets a person high.  Truth: The THC (the psychoactive ingredient) and CBD (an anti-psychoactive ingredient) levels of the two types of Cannabis are completely different. One type of Cannabis (marijuana) is high in THC, and low in CBD.  THC Levels in industrial hemp are so low that no one could get high from smoking it. Moreover, hemp contains a relatively high percentage of CBD which actually blocks the marijuana high!  Hemp, it turns out, is not only not marijuana; it could be called "anti-marijuana."

Myth: Even though THC levels are low in hemp, the THC can be extracted and concentrated to produce a powerful drug.  Truth:  Extracting THC from industrial hemp and further refining it to eliminate the preponderance of CBD would require such an expensive, hazardous, and time-consuming process that it is extremely unlikely anyone would ever attempt it, rather than simply obtaining or growing high-THC marijuana instead.

Myth: Hemp fields would be used to hide marijuana plants.  Truth: Hemp is grown quite differently from marijuana. Moreover, it is harvested at a different time than marijuana. Finally, cross-pollination between hemp plants and marijuana plants would significantly reduce the potency of the marijuana plant.

Myth: United States law has always treated hemp and marijuana the same.  Truth: The history of federal drug laws clearly shows that at one time the U.S. government understood and accepted the distinction between hemp and marijuana.

Phytoremediation:  Growing Hemp to Cleanse Soil and Air
Information compiled by J. Lynn Byers, December 2015 (sources:  Wikipedia, CannaSystems, Intechopen)

This is the real reason this Cannabis Facts page was created.  Hemp is an amazing plant many uses but one use in particular is important to share with others:  phytoremediation.

From Wikipedia:  "Phytoremediation (from Ancient Greek φυτο (phyto), meaning "plant", and Latin remedium, meaning "restoring balance") describes the treatment of environmental problems (bioremediation) through the use of plants that mitigate the environmental problem without the need to excavate the contaminant material and dispose of it elsewhere. Phytoremediation is a cost-effective plant-based approach to remediation that takes advantage of the ability of plants to concentrate elements and compounds from the environment and to metabolize various molecules in their tissues.

"Toxic heavy metals and organic pollutants are the major targets for phytoremediation. Knowledge of the physiological and molecular mechanisms of phytoremediation began to emerge in recent years together with biological and engineering strategies designed to optimize and improve phytoremediation. In addition, several field trials confirmed the feasibility of using plants for environmental cleanup."

>> view full article (on this site)

Modern Uses for the Cannabis Plant
Information compiled by J. Lynn Byers, December 2015
(sources:  Wikipedia, Bruce Ryan/CannaSystems, Popular Mechanics, Jack Herer)

There are thousands of websites our there regarding marijuana and hemp and so I'm not going to put information that is already readily available here. I'm primarily going to focus on facts about cannabis and industrial hemp, and on what can be proven or purchased today.

Many marijuana advocates state: "there are over 25,000 uses for the cannabis plant" (and some have claimed as high as 50,000) so I searched for the source of that number and finally found it:
"Hemp New Billion Dollar Crop." Popular Mechanics (February 1938): VOL. 69, No. 2.

"Hemp is the standard fiber of the world. It has great tensile strength and durability. It is used to produce more than 5,000 textile products, ranging from rope to fine laces, and the woody "hurds" remaining after the fiber has been removed contain more than seventy-seven per cent cellulose, and can be used to produce more than 25,000 products, ranging from dynamite to Cellophane."

Truth is important to help repeal marijuana and hemp prohibition and now, with the advent of today's technology, it is likely there ARE than 25,000 uses for this one crop; uses that can help the world's economy. It's high time to end the "modern reefer madness!"
>> view full article (on this site)


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